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RAD Data Communications, a specialist in developing solutions for the transport of data, voice and signaling traffic in cellular and mobile applications, announced today that TeliaSonera, the international mobile operator based in Scandinavia, has selected its advanced cell site gateway to backhaul 2G and 3G mobile traffic over all-IP fibre infrastructure in Finland.

RAD's ACE-3220 cell-site gateways will connect over the fibre network to Cisco's 7600 edge routers.

"One of the keys in winning this project against a competitor with a strong local presence was our ability to quickly integrate with TeliaSonera's existing Cisco backbone network," noted Mati Epstein, Carrier Strategic Accounts Director at RAD, who led the company's sales team in the commercial negotiations with TeliaSonera.

Currently, most mobile operators upgrading their backhaul networks to meet the demands of HSPA, and eventually LTE, are deploying one network for data and a separate one for time-sensitive legacy traffic such as voice. TeliaSonera will become one of the first operators of a unified all-IP mobile backhaul network. This breakthrough was made possible because RAD overcame the technological obstacles that until now have prevented the transport of legacy voice on a packet-switched cellular backhaul network without compromising Quality of Service (QoS). RAD's gateways employ pseudowires to allow legacy traffic to be carried over IP and, by providing accurate clock synchronisation, ensure that voice traffic is not victim to QoS issues generated by network delays.

"This is a significant win for RAD in the mobile arena because it proves the business case for deploying an end-to-end pseudowire solution to simultaneously backhaul 2G and 3G traffic over fibre," stated Michael Howard, Principal Analyst and co-founder of Infonetics Research, "This represents a departure from the existing 'hybrid' or 'dual backhaul' model of HSDPA offload," Howard added, "and is a harbinger for the industry for tomorrow's backhaul architecture over a single packet network."

Nimbuzz, a mobile instant messaging, presence and VoIP provider, has announced the addition 17 SIP partners to its global Operator Affiliate Programme. The programme brings mobile social networking, presence and instant messaging capabilities to carriers whilst maintaining control of their own customer relationships.

By joining the Nimbuzz Operator Affiliate Programme and integrating its VoIP offering with Nimbuzz, partners have the opportunity to provide customers with mobile communication and social networking value added services at a substantially accelerated speed to market and without incurring additional overhead costs. Operators and SIP providers joining the Nimbuzz affiliate programme will also benefit from new revenue streams and exposure to the community of Nimbuzz subscribers in over 200 countries.
Partners will promote Nimbuzz to its customers by placing permanent banners on their websites from which customers can instantly register and download the Nimbuzz service to their mobile phone and PC.

For existing Nimbuzz users the enhanced feature set and additional call networks will be seamlessly integrated into their mobile and PC interfaces, allowing them to use Nimbuzz for instant messaging and cheap (international) VoIP calls to landlines and mobile phones.

Nimbuzz CEO Evert Jaap Lugt commented: "We see these partnerships providing real value to operators looking to increase ARPU and offer their customers full access to IM and social networks without the risk and costs associated with setting this up themselves. This is also an open call to other operators looking to join. We will be announcing new partners soon."
Services such as Nimbuzz that are using the mobile internet are increasing the uptake in data plan sales for operators. According to Chetan Sharma Consulting, in the U.S., data revenues reached $8.2 billion in Q2 2008, or about 21% of total wireless-services revenue. This compares to spending of $5.85 billion, or 17% of total services, for the same period in 2007. That data jump increased ARPU by 50 cents, comfortably offsetting a 5 cent decline in voice ARPU.

The new SIP partners operate networks worldwide and will act as session carriers for Nimbuzz users making VoIP calls to mobile phones, and landlines via their mobile or PC.

picoChip has today disclosed further details of the industry's first complete LTE basestation reference designs at the LTE World Summit in London.  The PC8618 picocell and PC8608 femtocell platforms, respectively designed in conjunction with picoChip's development and research partners, mimoOn and ASTRI, will enable high capacity wireless networks for enterprise, metropolitan, "hot-zone", home and rural demands.

Targeted to run on picoChip's established PC203 processor, launched in March 2006 and currently shipping in volume, the two designs will support both FDD (frequency division duplex) and TDD (time division duplex) modes within LTE.  They reinforce picoChip's belief that LTE is best delivered using small cells with self-configuration and self-optimization features that reduce operators' capital and operating expenditure while maximizing the capacity and efficiency of the network.

picoChip recently announced a number of "sniffer" or radio environment scanner (RES) reference designs that provide the fundamental measurement and reporting information needed for basestations to implement self-organizing network principles.  The RES reference designs also allow network operators to deliver services based on a combination of 2G, 3G and LTE infrastructure.

Speaking at the conference, picoChip's co-founder and CTO, Doug Pulley, commented:  "The bulk of LTE network traffic will travel via fine-grained networks of small cells. Small cells dramatically change the economics of building, owning and running cellular networks, and offer the opportunity to radically reduce the cost of launching LTE services.  Paradoxically this may lead to a far cheaper launch than was the case for 3G:  at the same time infrastructure providers will need to think and act in a more consumer-oriented way than they have historically."

Pulley also highlighted the speed of development of the LTE standard:  "The industry has accelerated LTE definition at breakneck speed. With substantial OFDMA experience and IP already developed through our leading position in WiMAX, picoChip is ideally equipped to help OEM customers match that pace of development."

The PC8618 and PC8608 software reference designs will support both downlink and uplink transport and physical channel types required by 3GPP.  They are aimed at OEMs requiring a single sector solution and are fully compliant with Release 8 TS36 series standards.  They are the first products in picoChip's planned family of LTE solutions, implementing the 3GPP Home eNodeB specification that covers a range of requirements from user-deployed home basestations to metropolitan hot-zones.

picoChip is already engaged with customers for its LTE software reference designs and is delivering preliminary code.  Because the designs run on production silicon, customers can use picoChip's existing range of development boards and software support to accelerate their end-product development and facilitate early trialing.

picoChip is the only semiconductor company focused solely on wireless infrastructure and shipping silicon.  It provides baseband solutions to address the key challenges of cost, development time and flexibility for the next generation of wireless systems.  The company's multi-core processors deliver a world-beating price/performance combination.  picoChip is the industry standard architecture for WiMAX basestations, and is the leading supplier for the new wave of femtocells, with support for HSPA, WiMAX, LTE, TD-SCDMA, cdma2000/EvDO and GSM/GPRS/EDGE.  The company's products scale from femtocell access points to picocells and sophisticated multi-sector carrier macrocells.

SwissQual, the independent Swiss network quality measurement company, has said that the latest version of its QualiPoc Handheld network quality testing tool is the only Smartphone based network quality testing tool which is capable of measuring the full reference MOS scores in the uplink and downlink voice channels with SQUAD-LQ.

Smartphone-based network testing tools offer portability and cost advantages, allowing operators to put them in the hands of every field engineer. However they also typically have severe limitations in terms of accuracy of voice quality measurements. QualiPoc has overcome these drawbacks through the application of quality assessment algorithms that have been specifically adapted for use in Smartphones. SwissQual has developed algorithms which are optimised to make the best use of the limited system resources available in a handheld device and still achieve or even outperform the accuracy of the ETSI recommended algorithms.

Says Pero Juric, SwissQual VP of Product Management: "For example, the best way to get a highly accurate assessment of voice quality is to use a full reference method. This uses a known voice clip as a test signal, transmits it and compares the received signal against the same source clip. This uses a lot of system resources, however by optimising the quality assessment algorithm we have been able to offer the method on the QualiPoc device. Another issue is the fact that hand held devices are typically not able to measure the uplink and the downlink voice path. We have designed the QualiPoc system to measure both! This not only delivers a richer picture of what is going on in the network, but also complies with ETSI recommendations. "

QualiPoc is available in a number of forms including models for mobile, unattended operation, static monitoring, and "friendly user" functionality. It can perform tests between mobile-mobile as well as mobile-land. QualiPoc can be combined with SwissQual's Diversity test tools and is compatible with all SwissQual Post Processing application as well as with a number of 3rd party vendors post processing systems.

Says SwissQual CEO, John May: "Our Diversity range of probes offers the ultimate in terms of accuracy, reliability and the ability to operate in a wide range of environmental conditions. However where there are constraints in terms of budget, or where an extremely portable solution is needed, QualiPoc offers the best option available"

Hay Systems Ltd, an independent mobile network operator and provider of mobile services and infrastructure, has unveiled its HSL 2.75G femtocell device and announced additional GSM band support for the femtocell at the GSMA Mobile Asia Congress in Macau. The femtocell will be available in Q1 2009 and this is the first public unveiling of the GSM/GPRS/EDGE femtocell device.

Femtocells create new opportunities for mobile network operators including improvements to the quality of the subscriber experience, the opportunity for new services, lower CAPEX and OPEX, and cheaper calls for subscribers.

Mass manufacturing of the HSL 2.75G Femtocell supporting the GSM 1800Mhz band will commence in February 2009. Work has now commenced to add further GSM band support which is expected to result in a GSM 900Mhz band device being available to customers in June 2009.

Once available the femtocell will provide GSM, GPRS and EDGE support to enable mobile services including voice, SMS and data to be provided to subscribers using 2G and 3G mobile handsets. The device will be made available to mobile network operators for supply to end users in residential and enterprise markets.

While the arrival of the iPhone is said to have generated a universally positive response from mobile games publishers and developers, the volume of paid-for mobile game downloads has nonetheless flatlined across North America and Western Europe, according to a new report from Juniper Research.

The report found that although the retail value of the global mobile games market is expected to rise from $5.4bn in 2008 to more than $10bn in 2013, the potential for growth in many key markets is being dampened by a combination of limited on-portal revenue share for publishers - meaning that some are exiting the mobile games industry - and poor games marketing.

According to report author Dr Windsor Holden "The revenue share offered by Apple to games publishers is incredibly attractive. The danger is that if operators do not respond with a similar business model, publishers faced with low margins may simply exit Java completely, thereby reducing consumer choice in the longer term."

The report also found that while ad-funded downloads have increased markedly in popularity, the revenues accrued from advertising are unlikely to be sufficient to provide developers or operators with a primary revenue stream. It argued that, with cost per mille (CPM) rates likely to fall in the face of pressures on advertising budgets, advertising would be largely employed by most publishers as a means of monetising older content.

However, the Juniper study remained optimistic about prospects for growth in regions such as the Indian Sub Continent, Africa/Middle East and South America, where the combination of increased mobile adoption and low levels of penetration of both games consoles and fixed Internet means that the mobile handset has already become the de facto gaming device.

Other findings from the Juniper report include:

  • China and the Far East will remain the largest regional market for mobile games throughout the period covered by the report.
  • Global revenues from in-game advertising will rise significantly from 2008 to 2013.
  • Operators need to reduce data charges further for out of bundle customers to encourage casual mobile Internet usage and thereby stimulate the mobile entertainment market


InTechnology has launched Push to Experience (PTX), a new mobile service which helps protect workers at risk, enabling companies to comply with Health and Safety legislation and the Corporate Manslaughter Act.

PTX is said to be the natural successor to traditional 2-way radio (PMR) services, utilising the global GSM network and low-cost handsets to 'dramatically improve' coverage and allow everyone using the service to communicate cheaply and effectively.  PTX incorporates several services in one package, including Push to Talk (PTT), Push to Locate and Push to Alert. 

PTX is initially being launched into the ‘lone worker' market place where traditionally workers have had to carry several different portable devices, including a mobile phone, radio and other devices.  This is no longer necessary because PTX enabled handsets are highly integrated communication devices combining the functionality of a mobile phone with the instant communication of a 2-way radio.  PTX also has almost unlimited geographic coverage which makes it a perfect solution for organisations with large field workforces.

"Push to Experience is a radically new way to manage your field workforce at a fraction of the cost of existing systems," explains Daniel Reeves, Product Marketing Manager, Mobile Services for InTechnology.  "It allows companies to manage and communicate instantly with their field workforce direct from the office PC. Most importantly, it provides security for lone workers with constant communications, panic buttons, and GPS tracking.  These GPS enabled PTT phones mean that the exact location of the user can be identified within seconds."

As well as having one to one communication with their colleagues, users of the PTT service can also broadcast their messages to a group of people at the same time.  And companies only pay for the time used talking, regardless of the total duration of the call.

Through Push to Locate, companies can visually track, in real time, the location of a GPS enabled PTT phone anywhere in the world to within a few metres.  This offers a number of benefits, including better protection of staff working on their own as well as better utilisation of the workforce.

PTX technology is based on InTechnology's own Mobile Tornado Internet Packet Radio System (IPRS) platform and InTechnology is the exclusive UK service provider for this platform. PTX is also designed such that it can be quickly and easily integrated within an organisation's existing communications system. 

The PTX service  is also claimed to offer a far greater level of security than existing PMR systems by leveraging GSM based encryption, proprietary communication protocols, and a highly secure core network environment with almost limitless range and no chance of third-party intrusion.

Qualcomm, the developer of wireless technologies and data solutions, has today announced the availability of the software development kit (SDK) for the company's new Brew Mobile Platform (Brew MP).  Brew MP is a mobile operating system platform that supports handsets and mobile devices across virtually all market tiers and across all 3G technologies.  The Brew MP SDK is said to be a more open and flexible development environment that enables developers and designers to easily create innovative new applications, widgets and custom user interfaces for mass-market handsets and mobile devices.

In addition to greatly enhanced support for native application development, the SDK provides a full suite of tools and features including highly integrated Adobe Flash technology.  This integration allows developers using Adobe's industry-leading content and web creation tools to seamlessly author applications for Brew MP devices.  The Brew Mobile Platform SDK is open to developers worldwide and is made available at no incremental cost.

"Adobe has an extensive developer community creating rich content with Adobe Flash technology," said Gary Kovacs, general manager and vice president, Mobile and Devices at Adobe.  "Brew MP enables Flash developers to create applications that integrate the functionality of a wide variety of devices with Web content and services.  The release of the Brew MP SDK is an important milestone in achieving the vision of the Open Screen Project, of which Qualcomm is a member.  It helps put us on a solid path to deliver our shared long term vision to deliver consistent, rich experiences across all screens."

"The Brew Mobile Platform SDK bridges the gap between the mobile application and Web development communities," said Steve Sprigg, senior vice president of engineering for Qualcomm CDMA Technologies.  "With the Brew MP SDK, Flash developers can use familiar and powerful Adobe tools to publish compelling mobile applications quickly and easily for mass-market handsets used by mobile consumers worldwide."

Brew MP is also said to deliver high-end features across all tiers of devices.  In addition to its integral support for Adobe Flash, the platform offers advanced capabilities such as touch screen, rich multimedia, window management, open platform extensibility, and expanded support for native application development. 

ChangingWorlds, a specialist in mobile data personalization and subscriber intelligence for mobile operators, has today announced a new deal that will launch a personalized mobile internet service for the Telefónica O2 Czech Republic. ChangingWorlds has worked with O2 UK and O2 Germany for several years but this is the first implementation with O2 Czech Republic.

Consisting of a new O2 internet-like portal and a browser bar that provides intuitive navigation support for users browsing off-portal, the O2 ‘True Internet' proposition seamlessly integrates mobile internet content services with key services from O2 Active and its' partner sites.

ChangingWorlds' ClixSmart system is employed to simplify mobile internet access, engage O2 users and optimize internet usability on the mobile handset. O2 Czech Republic chose ChangingWorlds' solution to improve the end user experience and personal value gained from using the Mobile Internet. ChangingWorlds Personalization technology is said to achieve this by reducing the information gap and increasing awareness of new relevant services for each O2 user. The personalization engine automatically selects new, fresh and relevant content for each user based on learned user content preferences and behavioural patterns.

In addition, the ClixSmart device management system optimizes content presentation and screen flows to the specific capabilities of each O2 handset. ChangingWorlds also provides in-depth reporting of both on and off-portal activity which enables O2 to recognize, manage and leverage learned browsing trends, both established & emerging. Moreover, intuitive ClixSmart content management applications allow O2 portal managers to assume full control of the service.

Speaking today, Lorcan Jordan, Program Director for ChangingWorlds said "O2 Czech Republic sees the delivery of a highly personalized Mobile Internet experience as an essential step in strengthening its competitive position in the now established Mobile Internet marketplace. The new personalized Mobile Internet service powered by ChangingWorlds' technology improves the internet user experience by delivering relevant content to each individual. ChangingWorlds and O2 will continue to collaborate and extend the Mobile Internet data service with the ultimate aim of providing a ubiquitous, personalized Internet channel for all O2 data users."

Jan Karas, marketing director of residential segment from Telefónica O2 Czech Republic commented: "The launch of a personalized Mobile Internet service is an integral part of the O2 Czech Republic mobile data strategy to optimize the user experience and to ensure O2 can offer a convincing internet experience to our mobile users. This service will also enable us to monetize off-portal activity and to up-sell key value-add O2 data services. Vitally, it also ensures that we can assume control of the Mobile Internet browsing experience so that it enhances, rather than detracts from, our O2 Active portal."

Nokia has today commented on market conditions impacting its business as well as updated its fourth quarter 2008 outlook. It also gave a preliminary outlook for the full year 2009.

In the last few weeks, says Nokia, the global economic slowdown, combined with unprecedented currency volatility, has resulted in a sharp pull back in global consumer spending. The weaker consumer spending has impacted many industries, including the global mobile device market, which has also been negatively impacted by the more limited availability of credit, which has limited the purchasing ability of some of our trade customers.
As a result of the rapid change in global consumer spending, which has impacted the mobile device market, Nokia now expects that the industry mobile device volumes will be lower in the fourth quarter 2008 than previously expected. It now estimates fourth quarter 2008 industry mobile device volumes will be approximately 330 million. This is sequentially up from the estimated 310 million in the third quarter of 2008, and would result in a current estimate of industry mobile volume of 1.24 billion in 2008, instead of the earlier estimated 1.26 billion units, up from 1.14 billion units Nokia estimated for 2007.

Nokia continues to expect its mobile device market share in the fourth quarter 2008 to be at the same level or slightly up, sequentially. This expectation is based on its current view, external market data and the overall competitiveness of its device portfolio. It also expects that Devices & Services sales and profitability in the fourth quarter 2008 will be negatively impacted, due to the aforementioned factors.
Preliminary Industry Outlook for 2009:
Nokia's preliminary estimate is that the industry mobile device volumes will be down in 2009 compared to 2008, impacted by the continuing overall economic slowdown. Nokia and Nokia Siemens Networks preliminary estimate is that the mobile infrastructure and fixed infrastructure and related services market will be down in euro terms in 2009 compared to 2008.
In addition to the measures recently announced at Nokia and Nokia Siemens Networks, Nokia saus it is taking decisive action to significantly reduce its cost base, and has already instituted various cost saving actions. Nokia also says it will curtail use of external contractors, consultants and professional services and will further cut operating expenses in 2009 to respond appropriately to the market conditions.
"Nokia believes that its advantages of scale, leading brand, superior logistics, low cost and broad product portfolio are competitive advantages that will enable us to distinguish ourselves from the competition in a challenging 2009," said Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo, Nokia CEO.

Mobile Content Networks (MCN), a provider of mobile search management, merchandising, and PPC revenue solutions, has today announced the launch of multi-category search services in partnership with Avea, the Turkish mobile operator.

The new MCN-powered search services are said to deliver real-time results from leading local content providers in high-value mobile content channels, including music, video, wallpapers, and games as well as Web search. The service launch also includes MCN's allwords PPC Content Promotion programs, the vertical paid search programs designed for the unique needs of mobile operators, content providers and end users.

"Avea carefully evaluated a number of search solutions for our WAP Portal (wap.avea.com.tr) and we've selected the MCN MobileSearch.net platform because it provides great, real-time results from local content sources, easy expansion of new categories and content sources, and the widest range of revenue sources for Avea," said Mr.©lker Kocak, Chief Marketing Officer of Avea. "This new offering will benefit our subscribers and is a win-win for Turkey's mobile content ecosystem."

"Avea's selection of MCN underlines the flexibility of our platform, our ability to rapidly address diverse market requirements, and our focus, with allwords(sm), on creating new revenue opportunities for operators while helping content providers increase click-throughs, conversions and ROI," said MCN CEO Marc Bookman."

Continued strong growth in M2M (machine-to-machine) communications markets will see about 95 million cellular M2M modules shipping in 2013, according to ABI Research. Of shipments to the three main market segments - telematics, telemetry, and wireless local loop - about 34 million devices are expected to be for telematics and 39 million for telemetry.
According to senior analyst Sam Lucero, "Until about 2011, the major market growth will be found in the telemetry segment, since it encompasses a broad range of applications including smart metering, POS terminals, and remote monitoring and control applications."
"After 2011, we expect to see a spike in telematics applications," Lucero continues. "These exist now, but from 2011 will be driven more quickly by mandates such as Europe's eCall initiative, which will see cellular connections in every vehicle, and in North America by a much stronger competitive reaction to OnStar: virtually of the major automakers will come out with OEM telematics programs. Commercial telematics also set for strong growth as fleet managers use telematics to reduce fuel costs and increase overall operational efficiency."
Average selling prices are expected to decline across all air interface standards through about 2010, after which they should level out.
Will current global financial and economic uncertainties negatively affect this market? There is no immediate indication of this, although, says Lucero, "A few companies have told ABI Research that the economic uncertainty will have a direct impact; we're in the process of surveying selected industry stakeholders to evaluate whether our forecasts will need to be refined."
However one here-and-now pain point in the market is the ability to develop applications easily and cost-effectively. Module makers such as Wavecom are involved, as are standalone software vendors such as Sensor Logic and equipment players such as Digi International. It's not clear yet whether application developers will settle on one or another preferred type of ecosystem partner.

Blyk, the free mobile network for 16 to 24 year-olds funded by advertising, has signed a frame agreement with Aito Technologies, a Customer Experience Management (CEM) solution provider, for the delivery and implementation of its Business-Driven CEM software product, Aito, to the UK market. The award follows a successful 3-month pilot installation, which began in May.

Aito, which was integrated into the Blyk network, takes business intelligence from network traffic data and offers Blyk analysis of service usage, member behaviour patterns and trends. The information is given to key staff directly involved in business management - sales and marketing managers, member service teams, product managers - in a form which is easy to use and act on.

Timo Romppanen, Blyk Business Manager responsible for the relationship with Aito Technolgies, said, "Thanks to Aito, we have moved away from static reporting of individual parameters to a fully dynamic combination of reported data from different data sources. This enables us to form a full view of customer behaviour and gives us immediate feedback on necessary changes to the network and service offering. The best part is that the user/operator interface is highly intuitive and easy to learn, and has freed resources, which used to be dedicated to the needs of business intelligence personnel."

CEO of Aito Technologies, Anssi Tauriainen, said, "Like Blyk, we know that mobile advertising is set to be one of the most important business models and revenue-generating network activities offered by operators in the future.  Using a business model which embraces mobile advertising shows great foresight and we firmly believe that Blyk's operational concept will change the future of the telecoms business, and are delighted to have signed this latest contract with them."    

Actix, a specialist in radio frequency simulation and optimization solutions, today announced that a new student edition of its Radiowave Propagation Simulator (RPS) will be made available for download free of charge with immediate effect. RPS can be used as a strong base to study the effects of LTE and MIMO, says Actix.

Actix' free RPS download is a fully-functional version, with only minor restrictions on the size of datasets supported, allowing students free access to study RF propagation in small radio environments using the full set of tools available to the professional user. RPS can be used to generate simulations of small indoor and outdoor radio environments such as WLAN, WIMAX, Mesh, UMTS, CMDA2000, and LTE, allowing investigations into the effects of penetration, reflection, diffraction, polarization, new 4G modulation techniques and new smart antenna technologies.

"Actix is a radio engineering and optimization company, with strong roots in the academic community and we would like to give the next generation of RF engineers the chance to use the same suite of tools they will find being used in the industry", said Joerg Schueler, Director of Automatic Optimization Products at Actix. "Actix' toolsets are trusted to provide simulation and optimization results to hundreds of the world's largest mobile operators, equipment vendors and R&D organizations, and we hope that early experience with the full functionality of these advanced tools will open many new employment and research opportunities for future radio engineers. We are always interested to hear about the innovative academic studies being carried out using these solutions".

RPS uses full 3D ray launching algorithms to predict the precise performance of radio channels, an approach that has several advantages over other algorithms, which is said to make it the best choice for high performance propagation prediction, accurate coverage results, and the teaching of best practises. RPS Student can be upgraded to allow unlimited parallelization for more in depth research needs - one reference installation consists of a fully equipped 56-processor blade server, each running a separate prediction engine. The latest release also allows the study of MIMO technologies, when combined with suitable plug-ins.

RPS has an integrated Environment Editor with layer support, plug-in support for custom propagation models, surface plots, and post-processing applications, and can import environment data from dozens of source CAD formats. RPS also has several built-in 2D/3D surface plot functions that provide overviews of a wide variety of results.

RPS comes complete with several sample environments, allowing educators to provide a complete virtual RF laboratory to radio engineering students immediately, and a full user manual, with tutorials on a wide variety of RF propagation subjects.